The Publicly Available Specification 111 (BSI PAS 111:2012) for processing wood waste was commissioned by WRAP in collaboration with the British Standards Institution (BSI) and extensive consultation with the wood recycling industry. 


The aim of PAS 111 is to provide a specification for individuals and organisations recovering and processing post-industrial and post-consumer waste wood into wood products such that potential customers will be assured that they are procuring a material of consistent and verifiable quality. 

If the minimum specification is met or exceeded then the material is PAS 111 compliant; if the minimum requirements are not met, then the material is non-compliant, even if an end user’s specification is met.

The following markets account for the majority of recovered wood consumed in the UK and are covered by PAS 111:

  • Panelboard manufacture
  • Biomass energy generation
  • Animal bedding
  • Mulches
  • Equine surfaces
  • Pathways and coverings
  • Industrial and commercial applications

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